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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

[x]

Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the quarterly period ended May 31, 2017

or

[ ]

Transition report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
For the transition period from ______ to ______

 

Commission File No. 0-5131

 

ART’S-WAY MANUFACTURING CO., INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

DELAWARE

42-0920725

 

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

5556 Highway 9

Armstrong, Iowa 50514

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

(712) 864-3131

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes [x] No [ ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes [x] No [ ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer [ ]

Accelerated filer [ ]

Non-accelerated filer [ ]     

Smaller reporting company [x]

(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)

 

Emerging growth company [ ]  

          

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  Yes [ ] No [ ]

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes [ ] No [x]

 

Number of common shares outstanding as of July 13, 2017: 4,162,752

 

 
 

 

 

Art’s-Way Manufacturing Co., Inc.

 

Index

 

Page No.

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION  

  1
   

Item 1.

Financial Statements

1

 

   

 

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets May 31, 2017 and November 30, 2016

  1

 

   

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations Three and six-month periods ended May 31, 2017 and May 31, 2016

  2

 

   

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income Three and six-month periods ended May 31, 2017 and May 31, 2016

  3

 

   

 

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows Six-month periods ended May 31, 2017 and May 31, 2016

  4
     

 

Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

  5
     

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 

18
     

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 21
      

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

21

   

PART II – OTHER INFORMATION  

22
   

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

22

     

Item 1A.

Risk Factors 22
     

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

22

     

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

22

     

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

22

     

Item 5.

Other Information

22

     

Item 6.

Exhibits

22

     
  SIGNATURES  23
     
  Exhibit Index  24

 

 
 

 

 

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

ART’S-WAY MANUFACTURING CO., INC.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

 

   

(Unaudited)

         
   

May 31, 2017

   

November 30, 2016

 
Assets                

Current assets:

               

Cash

  $ 212,792     $ 1,063,716  

Accounts receivable-customers, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $17,369 and $22,746 in 2017 and 2016, respectively

    1,937,047       1,420,051  

Inventories, net

    13,955,283       13,529,352  

Deferred income taxes

    -       1,066,740  

Cost and profit in excess of billings

    266,246       108,349  

Income taxes receivable

    249,419       265,924  

Assets of discontinued operations

    7,500       9,700  

Other current assets

    432,782       158,087  

Total current assets

    17,061,069       17,621,919  

Property, plant, and equipment, net

    6,187,193       7,387,187  

Assets held for lease, net

    1,131,101       -  

Assets held for sale, net

    70,000       70,000  

Goodwill

    375,000       375,000  

Other assets of discontinued operations

    1,716,397       1,745,528  

Deferred income taxes

    689,685       -  

Other assets

    38,309       42,956  

Total assets

  $ 27,268,754     $ 27,242,590  

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

               

Current liabilities:

               

Line of credit

  $ 3,734,114     $ 3,284,114  

Current portion of long-term debt

    2,526,582       1,807,937  

Accounts payable

    1,393,176       469,481  

Customer deposits

    642,967       289,195  

Billings in Excess of Cost and Profit

    196,812       4,297  

Accrued expenses

    1,008,213       1,019,056  

Liabilites of discontinued operations

    702,370       182,426  

Total current liabilities

    10,204,234       7,056,506  

Long-term liabilities

               

Deferred taxes

    -       737,519  

Long-term liabilities of discontinued operations

    -       585,168  

Long-term debt, excluding current portion

    304,393       1,387,118  

Total liabilities

    10,508,627       9,766,311  

Commitments and Contingencies (Notes 7 and 8)

               

Stockholders’ equity:

               

Undesignated preferred stock - $0.01 par value. Authorized 500,000 shares in 2017 and 2016; issued 0 shares in 2017 and 2016.

    -       -  

Common stock – $0.01 par value. Authorized 9,500,000 shares in 2017 and 2016; issued 4,162,752 in 2017 and 4,109,052 in 2016

    41,628       41,091  

Additional paid-in capital

    2,818,931       2,746,509  

Retained earnings

    14,213,323       14,990,911  

Accumulated other comprehensive income

    (307,330 )     (302,232 )

Treasury stock, at cost (1,838 in 2017 and 0 in 2016 shares)

    (6,425 )     -  

Total stockholders’ equity

    16,760,127       17,476,279  

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

  $ 27,268,754     $ 27,242,590  

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 
1

 

 

ART’S-WAY MANUFACTURING CO., INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

(Unaudited)

 

   

Three Months Ended

   

Six Months Ended

 
   

May 31, 2017

   

May 31, 2016

   

May 31, 2017

   

May 31, 2016

 

Sales

  $ 4,689,354     $ 5,297,970     $ 9,110,522     $ 11,010,651  

Cost of goods sold

    3,877,870       3,814,009       7,185,215       7,898,807  

Gross profit

    811,484       1,483,961       1,925,307       3,111,844  

Expenses:

                               

Engineering

    132,347       91,725       264,987       191,141  

Selling

    483,060       431,925       968,441       896,838  

General and administrative

    917,461       896,746       1,765,695       1,739,327  

Total expenses

    1,532,868       1,420,396       2,999,123       2,827,306  

Income (Loss) from operations

    (721,384 )     63,565       (1,073,816 )     284,538  

Other income (expense):

                               

Interest expense

    (79,253 )     (54,134 )     (143,047 )     (121,973 )

Other

    63,245       20,104       114,920       62,297  

Total other income (expense)

    (16,008 )     (34,030 )     (28,127 )     (59,676 )

Income (Loss) from continuing operations before income taxes

    (737,392 )     29,535       (1,101,943 )     224,862  

Income tax expense (benefit)

    (228,485 )     12,610       (339,396 )     74,377  

Income (Loss) from continuing operations

    (508,907 )     16,925       (762,547 )     150,485  

Discontinued Operations

                               

Income (loss) from operations of discontinued segment

    (27,665 )     (104,994 )     (22,789 )     (180,119 )

Income tax expense (benefit)

    (9,012 )     (31,498 )     (7,748 )     (54,035 )

Income (Loss) on discontinued operations

    (18,653 )     (73,496 )     (15,041 )     (126,084 )

Net Income (Loss)

    (527,560 )     (56,571 )     (777,588 )     24,401  
                                 

Earnings (Loss) per share - Basic:

                               

Continuing Operations

  $ (0.12 )   $ -     $ (0.18 )   $ 0.04  

Discontinued Operations

  $ -     $ (0.02 )   $ -     $ (0.03 )

Net Income (Loss) per share

  $ (0.12 )   $ (0.02 )   $ (0.18 )   $ 0.01  
                                 

Earnings (Loss) per share - Diluted:

                               

Continuing Operations

  $ (0.12 )   $ -     $ (0.18 )   $ 0.04  

Discontinued Operations

  $ -     $ (0.02 )   $ -     $ (0.03 )

Net Income (Loss) per share

  $ (0.12 )   $ (0.02 )   $ (0.18 )   $ 0.01  
                                 
                                 

Weighted average outstanding shares used to compute basic net income per share

    4,158,969       4,101,810       4,142,672       4,088,073  

Weighted average outstanding shares used to compute diluted net income per share

    4,158,969       4,101,810       4,142,672       4,088,073  

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 
2

 

 

ART’S-WAY MANUFACTURING CO., INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

(Unaudited)

 

   

Three Months Ended

   

Six Months Ended

 
   

May 31, 2017

   

May 31, 2016

   

May 31, 2017

   

May 31, 2016

 

Net Income (Loss)

  $ (527,560 )   $ (56,571 )   $ (777,588 )   $ 24,401  

Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

                               

Foreign currency translation adjustsments

    (16,120 )     -       (5,098 )     -  

Total Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

    (16,120 )     -       (5,098 )     -  

Comprehensive (Loss)

  $ (543,680 )   $ (56,571 )   $ (782,686 )   $ 24,401  

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 
3

 

 

ART’S-WAY MANUFACTURING CO., INC.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited)

 

   

Six Months Ended

 
   

May 31, 2017

   

May 31, 2016

 

Cash flows from operations:

               

Net income (loss) from continuing operations

  $ (762,547 )   $ 150,485  

Net (loss) from discontinued operations

    (15,041 )     (126,084 )

Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:

               

Stock based compensation

    72,959       39,429  

(Gain)/Loss on disposal of property, plant, and equipment

    11,945       (43,884 )

Depreciation and amortization expense

    342,387       352,091  

Bad debt expense

    (4,952 )     2,255  

Deferred income taxes

    (360,464 )     (17,590 )

Changes in assets and liabilities:

               

(Increase) decrease in:

               

Accounts receivable

    (512,044 )     527,180  

Inventories

    (425,931 )     978,582  

Income taxes receivable

    16,505       34,766  

Other assets

    (273,758 )     (189,811 )

Increase (decrease) in:

               

Accounts payable

    923,695       82,602  

Contracts in progress, net

    34,618       193,448  

Customer deposits

    353,772       125,724  

Accrued expenses

    (10,843 )     (205,298 )

Net cash provided by operating activities - continuing operations

    (594,658 )     2,029,979  

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities - discontinued operations

    (22,635 )     161,453  

Net cash provided by operating activities

    (617,293 )     2,191,432  

Cash flows from investing activities:

               

Purchases of property, plant, and equipment

    (293,919 )     (61,225 )

Net proceeds from sale of assets

    12,190       1,170,842  

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities - continuing operations

    (281,729 )     1,109,617  

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities - discontinued operations

    38,736       (8,437 )

Net cash provided by (used in) investing activities

    (242,993 )     1,101,180  

Cash flows from financing activities:

               

Net change in line of credit

    450,000       (1,858,046 )

Repayment of term debt

    (364,080 )     (1,551,398 )

Repurchases of common stock

    (6,425 )     -  

Net cash (used in) financing activities - continuing operations

    79,495       (3,409,444 )

Net cash (used in) financing activities - discontinued operations

    (65,035 )     (62,996 )

Net cash (used in) financing activities

    14,460       (3,472,440 )

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

    (5,098 )     -  

Net increase (decrease) in cash

    (850,924 )     (179,828 )

Cash at beginning of period

    1,063,716       447,334  

Cash at end of period

  $ 212,792     $ 267,506  
                 

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:

               

Cash paid during the period for:

               

Interest

  $ 148,203     $ 140,820  

Income taxes

  $ -     $ 4,514  

 

See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

 
4

 

 

Notes to Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

 

 

1)

Description of the Company

 

Unless otherwise specified, as used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, the terms “we,” “us,” “our,” “Art’s-Way,” and the “Company,” refer to Art’s-Way Manufacturing Co., Inc., a Delaware corporation headquartered in Armstrong, Iowa, and its wholly-owned subsidiaries.

 

We began operations as a farm equipment manufacturer in 1956. Since that time, we have become a major worldwide manufacturer of agricultural equipment. Our principal manufacturing plant is located in Armstrong, Iowa.

 

We have organized our business into three operating segments. Management separately evaluates the financial results of each segment because each is a strategic business unit offering different products and requiring different technology and marketing strategies. Our agricultural products segment (“Manufacturing”) manufactures farm equipment under the Art’s-Way Manufacturing label and private labels. Our modular buildings segment (“Scientific”) manufactures modular buildings for various uses, commonly animal containment and research laboratories and our tools segment (“Metals”) manufactures steel cutting tools and inserts. During the third quarter of fiscal 2016, we discontinued our pressurized vessels segment (“Vessels”) that manufactured pressurized vessels. For more information on discontinued operations, see Note 3 “Discontinued Operations.” For detailed financial information relating to segment reporting, see Note 13 “Segment Information.”

 

 

2)

Summary of Significant Account Policies

 

Statement Presentation

 

The foregoing condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company are unaudited and reflect all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) which are, in the opinion of management, necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position and operating results for the interim periods. The financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended November 30, 2016. The results of operations for the three and six months ended May 31, 2017 are not necessarily indicative of the results for the fiscal year ending November 30, 2017.

 

The financial books of our Canadian operation are kept in the functional currency of Canadian dollars and the financial statements are converted to U.S. Dollars for consolidation. When consolidating the financial results of the Company into U.S. Dollars for reporting purposes, the Company uses the All-Current translation method. The All-Current method requires the balance sheet assets and liabilities to be translated to U.S. Dollars at the exchange rate as of period end. Stockholders’ equity is translated at historical exchange rates and retained earnings are translated at an average exchange rate for the period. Additionally, revenue and expenses are translated at average exchange rates for the periods presented. The resulting cumulative translation adjustment is carried on the balance sheet and is recorded in stockholders’ equity for 2017. Since the Company believes that it is more likely than not that no income tax benefit will occur if the foreign equity is sold or liquidated, the cumulative translation adjustment has not been tax adjusted.

 

Estimates

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the three and six months ended May 31, 2017. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Reclassification

 

Certain amounts in the consolidated financial statements of the Company related to the discontinuation of operations at our Vessels segment have been reclassified to conform to classifications used in the current year. The reclassifications had no effect on previously reported results of operations or retained earnings.

 

 

3)

Discontinued Operations

 

Effective October 31, 2016, the Company discontinued the operations of its Vessels segment in order to focus its efforts and resources on the business segments that have historically been more successful and that are expected to present greater opportunities for meaningful long-term shareholder returns. Our plan is to dispose of these assets over the next several quarters. At this time, we are working to dispose of the remaining assets, primarily the real estate.

 

 
5

 

 

As Vessels was a unique business unit of the Company, its liquidation was a strategic shift. In accordance with Accounting Standard Code Topic 360, the Company has classified Vessels as discontinued operations for all periods presented.

 

Income from discontinued operations, before income taxes in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations is comprised of the following:

 

   

Three Months Ended

 
   

May 31, 2017

   

May 31, 2016

 

Revenue from external customers

  $ -     $ 443,119  

Gross Profit

    (23,527 )     15,976  

Operating Expense

    219       112,586  

Income (loss) from operations

    (23,746 )     (96,610 )

Income (loss) before tax

    (27,665 )     (104,994 )

 

   

Six Months Ended

 
   

May 31, 2017

   

May 31, 2016

 

Revenue from external customers

  $ -     $ 1,122,435  

Gross Profit

    (23,572 )     90,393  

Operating Expense

    252       258,746  

Income (loss) from operations

    (23,824 )     (168,353 )

Income (loss) before tax

    (22,789 )     (180,119 )

 

 

The components of discontinued operations in the accompanying Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets are as follows:

 

   

May 31, 2017

   

November 30, 2016

 

Accounts Receivable - Net

  $ 7,500     $ 9,700  

Property, plant, and equipment, net

    1,716,397       1,745,528  

Assets of discontinued operations

  $ 1,723,897     $ 1,755,228  
                 

Accounts payable

  $ 364     $ 1,588  

Accrued expenses

    51,095       50,061  

Notes Payable

    650,911       715,945  

Liabilities of discontinued operations

  $ 702,370     $ 767,594  

 

 
6

 

 

 

4)

Net Income (Loss) Per Share of Common Stock

 

Basic net income (loss) per common share has been computed on the basis of the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted net income (loss) per share has been computed on the basis of the weighted average number of common shares outstanding plus equivalent shares assuming exercise of stock options. Potential shares of common stock that have an anti-dilutive effect (i.e., those that increase income per share or decrease loss per share) are excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings (loss) per common share.

 

Basic and diluted earnings (loss) per common share have been computed based on the following as of May 31, 2017 and May 31, 2016:

 

   

For the three months ended

 
   

May 31, 2017

   

May 31, 2016

 

Numerator for basic and diluted (loss) earnings per common share:

               
                 

Net (loss) income from continuing operations

  $ (508,907 )   $ 16,925  

Net (loss) income from discontinued operations

    (18,653 )     (73,496 )

Net (loss) income

  $ (527,560 )   $ (56,571 )
                 

Denominator:

               

For basic (loss) earnings per share - weighted average common shares outstanding

    4,158,969       4,101,810  

Effect of dilutive stock options

    -       -  

For diluted (loss) earnings per share - weighted average common shares outstanding

    4,158,969       4,101,810  
                 
                 

Earnings (Loss) per share - Basic:

               

Continuing Operations

  $ (0.12 )   $ 0.00  

Discontinued Operations

  $ (0.00 )   $ (0.02 )

Net Income (Loss) per share

  $ (0.12 )   $ (0.02 )
                 

Earnings (Loss) per share - Diluted:

               

Continuing Operations

  $ (0.12 )   $ 0.00  

Discontinued Operations

  $ (0.00 )   $ (0.02 )

Net Income (Loss) per share

  $ (0.12 )   $ (0.02 )

 

 
7

 

 

   

For the six months ended

 
   

May 31, 2017

   

May 31, 2016

 

Numerator for basic and diluted (loss) earnings per common share:

               
                 

Net (loss) income from continuing operations

  $ (762,547 )   $ 150,485  

Net (loss) income from discontinued operations

    (15,041 )     (126,084 )

Net (loss) income

  $ (777,588 )   $ 24,401  
                 

Denominator:

               

For basic (loss) earnings per share - weighted average common shares outstanding

    4,142,672       4,088,073  

Effect of dilutive stock options

    -       -  

For diluted (loss) earnings per share - weighted average common shares outstanding

    4,142,672       4,088,073  
                 
                 

Earnings (Loss) per share - Basic:

               

Continuing Operations

  $ (0.18 )   $ 0.04  

Discontinued Operations

  $ (0.00 )   $ (0.03 )

Net Income (Loss) per share

  $ (0.18 )   $ 0.01  
                 

Earnings (Loss) per share - Diluted:

               

Continuing Operations

  $ (0.18 )   $ 0.04  

Discontinued Operations

  $ (0.00 )   $ (0.03 )

Net Income (Loss) per share

  $ (0.18 )   $ 0.01  

 

 

5)

Inventory

 

Major classes of inventory are:

   

May 31, 2017

   

November 30, 2016

 

Raw materials

  $ 9,400,811     $ 8,568,624  

Work in process

    420,553       509,198  

Finished goods

    6,645,239       7,054,736  
    $ 16,466,603     $ 16,132,558  

Less: Reserves

    (2,511,320 )     (2,603,206 )
    $ 13,955,283     $ 13,529,352  

 

 

6)

Accrued Expenses

 

Major components of accrued expenses are:

 

   

May 31, 2017

   

November 30, 2016

 

Salaries, wages, and commissions

  $ 584,568     $ 542,449  

Accrued warranty expense

    152,964       134,373  

Other

    270,681       342,234  
    $ 1,008,213     $ 1,019,056  

 

 
8

 

 

 

7)

Product Warranty

 

The Company offers warranties of various lengths to its customers depending on the specific product and terms of the customer purchase agreement. The average length of the warranty period is one year from the date of purchase. The Company’s warranties require it to repair or replace defective products during the warranty period at no cost to the customer. The Company records a liability for estimated costs that may be incurred under its warranties. The costs are estimated based on historical experience and any specific warranty issues that have been identified. Although historical warranty costs have been within expectations, there can be no assurance that future warranty costs will not exceed historical amounts. The Company periodically assesses the adequacy of its recorded warranty liability and adjusts the balance as necessary. The accrued warranty balance is included in accrued expenses as shown in Note 6. Changes in the Company’s product warranty liability for the three and six months ended May 31, 2017 and May 31, 2016 are as follows:

 

   

For the three months ended

 
   

May 31, 2017

   

May 31, 2016

 

Balance, beginning

  $ 125,672     $ 178,978  

Settlements / adjustments

    (36,186 )     (71,786 )

Warranties issued

    63,478       39,356  

Balance, ending

  $ 152,964     $ 146,548  

 

   

For the six months ended

 
   

May 31, 2017

   

May 31, 2016

 

Balance, beginning

  $ 134,373     $ 179,531  

Settlements / adjustments

    (109,135 )     (153,078 )

Warranties issued

    127,726       120,095  

Balance, ending

  $ 152,964     $ 146,548  

 

 

8)

Loan and Credit Agreements

 

The Company maintains a revolving line of credit and term loans with U.S. Bank as well as a term loan with The First National Bank of West Union (n/k/a Bank 1st). Pursuant to a Third Loan Modification Agreement dated March 30, 2017 (the “Loan Modification”) entered into among U.S. Bank, as lender, the Company, as borrower, and Art’s-Way Scientific, Inc., Art’s-Way Vessels, Inc., and Ohio Metal Working Products/Art’s-Way, Inc., as guarantors, the agreements governing the U.S. Bank line of credit and certain term loans were amended effective as of May 1, 2017 with respect to certain modifications to the U.S. Bank UHC Loan (as defined below) and effective as of April 1, 2017 with respect to all other loan modification terms. The description that follows reflects such arrangements as amended by the Loan Modification.

 

 
9

 

 

U.S. Bank Revolving Line of Credit

 

The Company has a $4,500,000 revolving line of credit (the “Line of Credit”) with U.S. Bank that was obtained on May 1, 2013, which is renewable annually with advances funding the Company’s working capital needs. As of May 31, 2017, the Company had a principal balance of $3,734,114 outstanding against the Line of Credit, with $657,766 remaining available, limited by the borrowing base calculation. The maturity date of the Line of Credit is September 25, 2017. The Line of Credit is secured by real property and fixed asset collateral. The Line of Credit states that the borrowing base will be an amount equal to the sum of 75% of accounts receivable (discounted for aged accounts and customer balances exceeding 20% of aggregate receivables), plus 50% of inventory (this component cannot exceed $3,375,000 and only includes finished goods and raw materials deemed to be in good condition and not obsolete), less any outstanding loan balance of the Line of Credit, undrawn amounts of outstanding letters of credit issued by U.S. Bank or any affiliate, and any reserves that U.S. Bank may deem necessary to maintain. Monthly interest-only payments are required and the unpaid principal and accrued interest is due on the maturity date. The Company’s obligations under the Line of Credit are evidenced by a Revolving Credit Note effective May 1, 2013, a Revolving Credit Agreement dated May 1, 2013, as amended, and certain other ancillary documents.

 

The Line of Credit is subject to: (i) a minimum interest rate of 5.0% per annum; and (ii) an unused fee which accrues at the rate of 0.25% per annum on the average daily amount by which the amount available for borrowing under the Line of Credit exceeds the outstanding principal amount.

As of May 31, 2017, the interest rate on the Line of Credit was the minimum of 5.0%.

 

U.S. Bank Term Loans

 

On May 10, 2012, the Company obtained $880,000 in long-term debt from U.S. Bank issued to acquire the building and property of Universal Harvester Co., Inc. located in Ames, Iowa (the “U.S. Bank UHC Loan”), the assets and operations of which are now held by Art’s Way Manufacturing Co., Inc. in Armstrong, Iowa. The maturity date of this loan is September 25, 2017, and the interest rate is an annual rate equal to 1.5% plus the prime rate, but not less than 5%. The interest rate will be adjusted each time that the prime rate changes. The principal balance of this loan was $271,825 as of May 31, 2017. This loan was secured by a mortgage on the building and property acquired from Universal Harvester Co., Inc. in Ames, Iowa, pursuant to a Mortgage, Security Agreement and Assignment of Rents between the Company and U.S. Bank, dated May 10, 2012, which was released upon the sale of our Ames, Iowa facility. The U.S. Bank UHC Loan is also secured by a mortgage on the building and property in Monona, Iowa, pursuant to a Mortgage, Security Agreement and Assignment of Rents between the Company and U.S. Bank, dated May 1, 2013 and a mortgage on the building and property owned by the Company in Dubuque, Iowa, pursuant to a Mortgage, Security Agreement and Assignment of Rents between the Company (as successor by merger to Art’s-Way Vessels, Inc.) and U.S. Bank, dated May 1, 2013. On May 1, 2013, the U.S. Bank UHC Loan and the mortgage were amended to extend the mortgage to secure the 2013 Term Notes (defined below) in addition to the U.S. Bank UHC Loan.

 

Three of the Company’s outstanding term loans were obtained from U.S. Bank on May 1, 2013. The principal balance of these loans totaled $1,878,549 at May 31, 2017, and they accrue interest at a rate of 1.5% plus the prime rate, with a minimum of 5% per annum (the “2013 Term Notes”). The interest rate will be adjusted each time that the prime rate changes. There was previously also a fourth term loan obtained from U.S. Bank on May 1, 2013, but the Company voluntarily paid off and terminated the note and the related Term Loan Agreement on February 10, 2016. The payoff amount of $1,078,196 included principal and accrued and unpaid interest. As detailed in the Company’s debt summary below, monthly principal and interest payments in the aggregate amount of $46,672 are required on the remaining 2013 Term Notes, with a maturity date of September 25, 2017.

 

 
10

 

 

The Company obtained a term loan from U.S. Bank on May 29, 2014 in the original principal amount of $1,000,000 (the “2014 Term Note”). The 2014 Term Note had a principal balance of $887,164 at May 31, 2017 and accrues interest at a rate of 1.5% plus the prime rate, with a minimum of 5% per annum. The interest rate will be adjusted each time that the prime rate changes. The Company took on the 2014 Term Note in order to partially pay down a draw on its revolving line of credit that it had used to finance the purchase of the building and property of Ohio Metal Working Products Company in Canton, Ohio. The maturity date of the 2014 Term Note is September 25, 2017. This loan is secured by a mortgage on the building and property acquired from Ohio Metal Working Products Company in Canton, Ohio pursuant to a Mortgage, Security Agreement and Assignment of Rents between the Company and U.S. Bank, dated May 29, 2014, and is also subject to a Business Security Agreement between Ohio Metal Working Products/Art’s Way, Inc. (“Ohio Metal”) and U.S. Bank and a Continuing Guaranty (Unlimited) by Ohio Metal. Each of the Company’s term loans from U.S. Bank is governed by a Term Note and a Term Loan Agreement.

 

U.S. Bank Covenants

 

As of May 31, 2017, the U.S. Bank UHC Loan was not subject to financial covenants. However, under the U.S. Bank UHC Loan, the Company was required to provide to U.S. Bank information concerning its business affairs and financial condition as U.S. Bank may reasonably request, as well as annual financial statements prepared by an accounting firm acceptable to U.S. Bank within 120 days of the end of the year without request.

 

The Line of Credit, the 2013 Term Notes and the 2014 Term Note require the Company to maintain (i) a fiscal year-to-date EBITDA (with EBITDA meaning income, plus interest expense, plus income tax expense, plus depreciation expense, plus amortization expense, subject to adjustments in U.S. Bank’s sole discretion) of $1 as of May 31, 2017, and of $648,000 as of August 31, 2017, and (ii) minimum liquidity as of the end of each month of not less than $500,000 (with minimum liquidity meaning unrestricted cash and cash equivalents plus borrowing base availability under the Line of Credit, the 2013 Term Notes and the 2014 Term Note). The Company must also provide to U.S. Bank a 13-week cash flow forecast on Tuesday of each week, a detailed backlog report by segment as of the last day of each calendar month, monthly internally prepared financial reports, year-end audited financial statements, and a monthly aging of accounts receivable, and must deliver along with any financial statements delivered to U.S. Bank a certificate of compliance executed by the Company’s chief financial officer certifying the Company’s compliance with the financial covenants. With respect to the Line of Credit, upon U.S. Bank’s request, the Company shall engage a reputable turnaround consulting firm of national or regional standing acceptable to U.S. Bank.

 

The 2013 Term Notes, 2014 Term Note, and Line of Credit are secured by a first position security interest on the assets of the Company and its subsidiaries, including but not limited to, inventories, machinery, equipment and real estate, in accordance with Business Security Agreements entered into by the Company and its subsidiaries, Pledge Agreements entered into by the subsidiaries and Collateral Assignment of Dealer’s Notes and Security Agreements entered into by the Company. Additionally, the Company has mortgaged certain real property noted above in favor of U.S. Bank as documented by mortgage agreements dated May 1, 2013 and May 29, 2014 (together, the “Mortgages”).

 

If the Company or its subsidiaries (as guarantors pursuant to continuing guaranties) commits an event of default with respect to the U.S. Bank UHC Loan, 2013 Term Notes, 2014 Term Note, or Line of Credit and fails or is unable to cure that default, the interest rate on each of the loans and Line of Credit could increase by 5.0% per annum, U.S. Bank may immediately terminate its obligation, if any, to make additional loans to the Company, and U.S. Bank may accelerate the Company’s obligations under the applicable loan or line of credit. U.S. Bank shall also have all other rights and remedies for default provided by the Uniform Commercial Code, as well as any other applicable law and the various loan agreements, including, without limitation, the right to repossess, render unusable and/or dispose of the collateral without judicial process. In addition, in an event of default, U.S. Bank may foreclose on mortgaged property pursuant to the terms of the Mortgages.

 

 
11

 

 

The Company was in compliance with all covenants under the Line of Credit, the 2013 Term Notes and the 2014 Term Note as measured on May 31, 2017, other than the fiscal year-to-date EBIDTA requirement of $1. The main reason for the non-compliance result as of May 31, 2017 was the net loss from continuing operations. While we are in technical default under the Line of Credit, the 2013 Term Notes and the 2014 Term Note, no notice has been received from U.S. Bank with respect to acceleration of obligations thereunder. We are currently in negotiation with U.S. Bank regarding a forbearance or similar arrangement. The next measurement date is August 31, 2017.

 

Iowa Finance Authority Term Loan and Covenants

 

On May 1, 2010, the Company obtained a loan to finance the purchase of an additional facility located in West Union, Iowa to be used as a distribution center, warehouse facility, and manufacturing plant for certain products under the Art’s-Way brand. The funds for this loan were made available by the Iowa Finance Authority by the issuance of tax exempt bonds. This loan had an original principal amount of $1,300,000, an interest rate of 3.5% per annum and a maturity date of June 1, 2020. On February 1, 2013, the interest rate was decreased to 2.75% per annum. The other terms of the loan remain unchanged.

 

This loan from the Iowa Finance Authority, which has been assigned to The First National Bank of West Union (n/k/a Bank 1st), is governed by a Manufacturing Facility Revenue Note dated May 28, 2010 as amended February 1, 2013 and a Loan Agreement dated May 1, 2010 and a First Amendment to Loan Agreement dated February 1, 2013 (collectively, “the IFA Loan Agreement”), which requires the Company to provide quarterly internally prepared financial reports and year-end audited financial statements and to maintain a minimum debt service coverage ratio of 1.5 to 1.0, which is measured at November 30 of each year. Among other covenants, the IFA Loan Agreement also requires the Company to maintain proper insurance on, and maintain in good repair, the West Union Facility, and continue to conduct business and remain duly qualified to do business in the State of Iowa. The loan is secured by a mortgage on the Company’s West Union Facility, pursuant to a Mortgage, Security Agreement, Assignment of Leases and Rents and Fixture Financing Statement dated May 1, 2010 between the Company and The First National Bank of West Union (the “West Union Mortgage”).

 

If the Company commits an event of default under the IFA Loan Agreement or the West Union Mortgage and does not cure the event of default within the time specified by the IFA Loan Agreement, the lender may cause the entire amount of the loan to be immediately due and payable and take any other action that it is lawfully permitted to take or in equity to enforce the Company’s performance.

 

The Company was in compliance with all covenants under the IFA Loan Agreement except the debt service coverage ratio as measured on November 30, 2016. The First National Bank of West Union has issued a waiver, and the next measurement date is November 30, 2017.

 

 
12

 

 

Debt Summary

 

A summary of the Company’s term debt is as follows:

 

   

May 31, 2017

   

November 30, 2016

 
                 

U.S. Bank loan payable in monthly installments of $9,600 plus interest at 5.0%, due September 25, 2017

  $ 575,192     $ 632,126  
                 

U.S. Bank loan payable in monthly installments of $10,965 plus interest at 5.0%, due September 25, 2017

    650,911       715,945  
                 

U.S. Bank loan payable in monthly installments of $26,107 plus interest at 5.0%, due September 25, 2017

    652,446       808,096  
                 

U.S. Bank loan payable in monthly installments of $10,960 plus interest at 5.0%, due September 25, 2017

    271,825       337,147  
                 

U.S. Bank loan payable in monthly installments of $4,301 plus interest at 5.0%, due September 25, 2017

    887,164       904,751  
                 

Iowa Finance Authority loan payable in monthly installments of $12,500 including interest at 2.75%, due June 1, 2020

    444,347       512,935  

Total term debt

  $ 3,481,885     $ 3,911,000  

Less current portion of term debt

    2,526,581       1,807,937  

Term debt of discontinued operations

    650,911       715,945  

Term debt, excluding current portion

  $ 304,393     $ 1,387,118  

 

 

9)

Assets Available for Sale and Assets Held for Lease

 

Major components of assets available for sale (excluding assets of discontinued operations as discussed in Note 3 “Discontinued Operations”) are:

 

   

May 31, 2017

   

November 30, 2016

 

Ames, Iowa powder coat paint system

  $ 70,000     $ 70,000  
    $ 70,000     $ 70,000  

 

 

Due to reduced demand for our reels produced by the Universal Harvester by Art’s Way subsidiary, we have been able to absorb the production of reels into our Armstrong, Iowa facility. We continue to hold our powder coat system previously used in our Ames, Iowa location as available for sale. During fiscal 2016, we recognized an impairment of $44,858 related to this asset based on recent offers and comparable sales information.

 

We have discontinued all of our production in our West Union facility, and are now leasing the facility to a third party. Therefore, we have reclassified that facility to net assets held for lease of $1,131,101 as of May 31, 2017.

 

 
13

 

 

 

10)

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

 

Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

 

Going Concern

 

In August 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-15, “Presentation of Financial Statements – Going Concern” which is authoritative guidance on management’s responsibility to evaluate whether there is substantial doubt about an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern and provide related footnote disclosures, codified in ASC 205-40, Going Concern. The guidance provides a definition of the term substantial doubt, requires an evaluation every reporting period including interim periods, provides principles for considering the mitigating effect of management’s plans, requires certain disclosures when substantial doubt is alleviated as a result of consideration of management’s plans, requires an express statement and other disclosures when substantial doubt is not alleviated, and requires an assessment for a period of one year after the date that the financial statements are issued (or available to be issued). ASU No. 2014-15 is effective for annual reporting periods ending after December 15, 2016. The Company has adopted this guidance for the year ending November 30, 2017, and it will apply to each interim and annual period thereafter. Its adoption has not had a material effect on the Company’s consolidated financial statements other than the increased disclosures.

 

Inventory

 

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-11, “Inventory (Topic 330),” which requires inventory measured using any method other than last-in, first-out or the retail inventory method to be subsequently measured at the lower of cost or net realizable value, rather than the lower of cost or market. ASU No. 2015-11 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within those years. The Company has adopted this guidance for the year ending November 30, 2017, including interim periods within that reporting period. The Company chose early adoption for this guidance, as its impact was expected not to be material, and it will allow us to focus more of our efforts on preparing for the adoption of more complex guidance. Its adoption has not had a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

 

Income Taxes

 

In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-17, “Income Taxes (Topic 740)”, to simplify the presentation of deferred income taxes. Under the new standard, both deferred tax liabilities and assets are required to be classified as noncurrent in a classified balance sheet. ASU No. 2015-17 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017 and interim periods within annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018. During the first quarter of fiscal 2017, the Company elected to prospectively adopt ASU 2015-17, thus reclassifying current deferred tax assets to noncurrent on the accompanying consolidated balance sheet. The prior reporting period was not retrospectively adjusted. The Company chose early adoption for this guidance, as its impact was expected not to be material, and it will allow us to focus more of our efforts on preparing for the adoption of more complex guidance. The adoption of this guidance had no impact on the Company’s consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income.

 

Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted

 

Revenue from Contracts with Customers

 

In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” which supersedes the guidance in “Revenue Recognition (Topic 605)” and requires entities to recognize revenue in a way that depicts the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. ASU 2014-09 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within that reporting period, and is to be applied retrospectively, with early application not permitted. The Company is evaluating the new standard, and at this time believes that its Scientific segment will be impacted most significantly by this standard. We believe that this segment will need to work to revise our standard contracts with customers to more clearly define the rights and considerations transferred at the various milestones identified in the contracts. The Company believes that the other segments already have the necessary tools to evaluate our revenues in a manner consistent with the application of this standard, and will have the ability to meet the disclosure requirements using current systems. The Company continues to research and assess the implications of the adoption of this standard on our consolidated financial statements.

 

 
14

 

 

Leases

 

In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, “Leases (topic 842)”, which requires a lessee to recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability on its balance sheet for all leases with terms of twelve months or greater. This guidance is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those years. The Company will adopt this guidance for the year ending November 30, 2020 including interim periods within that reporting period. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this guidance on its consolidated financial statements.

 

 

11)

Equity Incentive Plan and Stock Based Compensation

 

On January 27, 2011, the Board of Directors of the Company authorized and approved the Art’s-Way Manufacturing Co., Inc. 2011 Equity Incentive Plan (the “2011 Plan”).  The 2011 Plan was approved by the stockholders on April 28, 2011.  It replaced the Employee Stock Option Plan and the Directors’ Stock Option Plan (collectively, the “Prior Plans”), and no further stock options will be awarded under the Prior Plans.  Awards to directors and executive officers under the 2011 Plan are governed by the forms of agreement approved by the Board of Directors.

 

The 2011 Plan permits the plan administrator to award nonqualified stock options, incentive stock options, restricted stock awards, restricted stock units, performance awards, and stock appreciation rights to employees (including officers), directors, and consultants.  The Board of Directors has approved a director compensation policy pursuant to which non-employee directors are automatically granted restricted stock awards of 1,000 shares of common stock annually or initially upon their election to the Board, which are fully vested. During the first six months of fiscal 2017, 45,700 restricted stock awards have been issued to various employees, directors, and consultants, which vest over the next three years, and 6,000 restricted stock awards were issued to the directors upon their election in April 2017 for a total of 51,700 year-to-date.

 

Stock options granted prior to January 27, 2011 are governed by the applicable Prior Plan and the forms of agreement adopted thereunder.

 

Stock-based compensation expense reflects the fair value of stock-based awards measured at the grant date and recognized over the relevant vesting period. We estimate the fair value of each stock-based option award on the measurement date using the Black-Scholes option valuation model which incorporates assumptions as to stock price volatility, the expected life of the options, risk-free interest rate, and dividend yield. Expected volatility is based on historical volatility of the Company’s stock and other factors. The Company uses historical option exercise and termination data to estimate the expected term the options are expected to be outstanding. The risk-free rate is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant. The expected dividend yield is calculated using historical dividend amounts and the stock price at the option issuance date. No stock options were granted during the three and six months ended May 31, 2017 or in the same respective period of fiscal 2016. We incurred a total of $46,402 and $72,959 of stock-based compensation expense for restricted stock awards during the three and six months ended May 31, 2017, compared to $28,177 and $39,429 of stock-based compensation expense for restricted stock awards and stock options for the same respective periods of fiscal 2016.

 

 
15

 

 

 

12)

Disclosures About the Fair Value of Financial Instruments

 

The fair value of a financial instrument is defined as the amount at which the instrument could be exchanged in a current transaction between willing parties. At May 31, 2017, and November 30, 2016, the carrying amount approximated fair value for cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable, notes payable to bank, and other current and long-term liabilities. The carrying amounts approximate fair value because of the short maturity of these instruments. The fair value of the Company’s installment term loans payable also approximate recorded value because the interest rates charged under the loan terms are not substantially different than current interest rates.

 

 

13)

Segment Information

 

There are three reportable segments: agricultural products, modular buildings and tools. The agricultural products segment fabricates and sells farming products as well as related equipment and replacement parts for these products in the United States and worldwide. The modular buildings segment manufactures and installs modular buildings for animal containment and various laboratory uses. The tools segment manufactures steel cutting tools and inserts.

 

The accounting policies applied to determine the segment information are the same as those described in the summary of significant accounting policies. Management evaluates the performance of each segment based on profit or loss from operations before income taxes, exclusive of nonrecurring gains and losses.

 

Approximate financial information with respect to the reportable segments is as follows. The tables below exclude income and balance sheet data from discontinued operations. See Note 3 “Discontinued Operations.”

 

   

Three Months Ended May 31, 2017

 
   

Agricultural

Products

   

Modular Buildings

   

Tools

   

Consolidated

 

Revenue from external customers

  $ 3,162,000     $ 888,000     $ 639,000     $ 4,689,000  

Income (loss) from operations

    (657,000 )     (19,000 )     (45,000 )   $ (721,000 )

Income (loss) before tax

    (647,000 )     (34,000 )     (56,000 )   $ (737,000 )

Total Assets

    19,443,000       3,400,000       2,702,000     $ 25,545,000  

Capital expenditures

    75,000       -       24,000     $ 99,000  

Depreciation & Amortization

    126,000       14,000       32,000     $ 172,000  

 

 
16

 

 

   

Three Months Ended May 31, 2016

 
   

Agricultural

Products

   

Modular Buildings

   

Tools

   

Consolidated

 

Revenue from external customers

  $ 3,567,000     $ 1,250,000     $ 481,000     $ 5,298,000  

Income (loss) from operations

    (96,000 )     203,000       (43,000 )   $ 64,000  

Income (loss) before tax

    (118,000 )     199,000       (51,000 )   $ 30,000  

Total Assets

    20,415,000       2,626,000       2,648,000     $ 25,689,000  

Capital expenditures

    25,000       -       10,000     $ 35,000  

Depreciation & Amortization

    132,000       16,000       31,000     $ 179,000  

 

   

Six Months Ended May 31, 2017

 
   

Agricultural

Products

   

Modular Buildings

   

Tools

   

Consolidated

 

Revenue from external customers

  $ 6,530,000     $ 1,276,000     $ 1,304,000     $ 9,110,000  

Income (loss) from operations

    (877,000 )     (173,000 )     (25,000 )   $ (1,075,000 )

Income (loss) before tax

    (865,000 )     (192,000 )     (45,000 )   $ (1,102,000 )

Total Assets

    19,442,000       3,400,000       2,702,000     $ 25,545,000  

Capital expenditures

    204,000       -       90,000     $ 294,000  

Depreciation & Amortization

    251,000       28,000       63,000     $ 342,000  

 

   

Six Months Ended May 31, 2016

 
   

Agricultural

Products

   

Modular Buildings

   

Tools

   

Consolidated

 

Revenue from external customers

  $ 7,765,000     $ 2,193,000     $ 1,053,000     $ 11,011,000  

Income (loss) from operations

    152,000       212,000       (79,000 )   $ 285,000  

Income (loss) before tax

    115,000       206,000       (95,000 )   $ 226,000  

Total Assets

    20,415,000       2,626,000       2,648,000     $ 25,689,000  

Capital expenditures

    29,000       -       33,000     $ 62,000  

Depreciation & Amortization

    260,000       31,000       61,000     $ 352,000  

 

 

*Segment figures in the table may not sum to the consolidated total due to rounding.

 

 

14)

Going Concern

 

The Company’s consolidated financial statements are prepared using accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America and applicable to a going concern, which contemplates the realization of assets and liquidation of liabilities in the normal course of business. During fiscal 2017, the Company has incurred operating losses from continuing operations, which has depleted working capital. The Company expects further losses during the continued depressed agricultural economy. There can be no assurance that the Company will have adequate capital resources to fund planned operations or that any additional funds will be available to the company when needed, or if available, will be available on favorable terms in the amounts required by the Company. There is also no assurance that the Company will have adequate capital to pay the scheduled maturities of term debt, referenced in more detail in Note 8 “Loan and Credit Agreements.” These conditions raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern. The consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments that might result from the outcome of this uncertainty.

 

 
17

 

 

Management is currently implementing several strategies aimed at alleviating our working capital shortages for the duration of the decreased economic cycle. At this time, our Dubuque facility is available for sale. Should we be able to complete a real estate sale in the near future, our bank borrowings would be decreased, and the remainder of the funds could be used to fund working capital for a time. Our facility in West Union is currently held for lease. and if sold, would also provide funds to decrease bank borrowings and fund working capital. The Company is reviewing options to address the liquidity concerns, and is actively working to restructure our debt with longer amortizations and reduced payments, while reducing our working capital needs through expense reductions. Another liquidity improvement strategy being reviewed includes the possibility of raising additional capital. There is no assurance that the Company will be successful in these strategies.

 

 

15)

Subsequent Event

 

Management evaluated all other activity of the Company and concluded that no subsequent events have occurred that would require recognition in the condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

Item 2.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with the condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in Item 1 of Part I of this report and the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes thereto and Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended November 30, 2016. Some of the statements in this report may contain forward-looking statements that reflect our current view on future events, future business, industry and other conditions, our future performance, and our plans and expectations for future operations and actions. In some cases you can identify forward-looking statements by the use of words such as “may,” “should,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “expect,” “plan,” “future,” “intend,” “could,” “estimate,” “predict,” “hope,” “potential,” “continue,” or the negative of these terms or other similar expressions. Many of these forward-looking statements are located in this report under “Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” but they may appear in other sections as well. Forward-looking statements in this report generally relate to: (i) our expectations regarding our plan to dispose of the assets of our Vessels segment (ii) our warranty costs and order backlog; (iii) our beliefs regarding the sufficiency of working capital and cash flows, and our continued ability to renew or obtain financing on reasonable terms when necessary; (iv) the impact of recently issued accounting pronouncements; (v) our intentions and beliefs relating to our costs, business strategies, and future performance; (vi) our expected financial results; and (vii) our expectations concerning our primary capital and cash flow needs.

 

You should read this report thoroughly with the understanding that our actual results may differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking statements for many reasons, including events beyond our control and assumptions that prove to be inaccurate or unfounded. We cannot provide any assurance with respect to our future performance or results. Our actual results or actions could and likely will differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements for many reasons, including but not limited to: (i) the impact of tightening credit markets on our ability to continue to obtain financing on reasonable terms; (ii) our ability to repay current debt, continue to meet debt obligations and comply with financial covenants; (iii) obstacles related to integration of acquired product lines and businesses; (iv) obstacles related to liquidation of product lines and segments (v) the effect of general economic conditions, including consumer and governmental spending, on the demand for our products and the cost of our supplies and materials; (vi) fluctuations in seasonal demand and our production cycle; (vii) our ability to continue as a going concern and (viii) other factors described from time to time in our reports to the SEC. We do not intend to update the forward-looking statements contained in this report other than as required by law. We caution you not to put undue reliance on any forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this report. You should read this report and the documents that we reference in this report and have filed as exhibits completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we currently expect. We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements.

 

 
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Critical Accounting Policies

 

Our critical accounting policies involving the more significant judgments and assumptions used in the preparation of the financial statements as of May 31, 2017 have remained unchanged from November 30, 2016, with the exception of the accounting pronouncements adopted discussed in Note 10 of the financial statements. Disclosure of these critical accounting policies is incorporated by reference from Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended November 30, 2016.

 

Results of Operations – Continuing Operations

 

Net Sales and Cost of Sales

 

Our consolidated corporate sales for continuing operations for the three and six-month periods ended May 31, 2017 were $4,689,000 and $9,111,000 compared to $5,298,000 and $11,011,000 during the same respective periods in 2016, a $609,000 or 11.5%, decrease for the second fiscal quarter and a $1,900,000 or 17.3% decrease for the six months. The decreases in revenue are primarily due to the decreased demand for our agricultural products and modular buildings. Consolidated gross margin for the three-month period ended May 31, 2017 was 17.3% compared to 28.0% in the same period in fiscal 2016. Consolidated gross margin for the six-month period ended May 31, 2017 was 21.1% compared to 28.3% for the same period in fiscal 2016. These decreased gross margins are largely attributable to the agricultural products segment.

 

Our second quarter sales at Manufacturing were $3,162,000 compared to $3,567,000 during the same period of 2016, a decrease of $405,000, or 11.4%. Our year-to-date sales at Manufacturing were $6,530,000 compared to $7,765,000 during the same period of 2016, a decrease of $1,235,000, or 15.9%. The revenue decrease is due to decreased demand across all of our agricultural products. Also, during the second quarter of 2017 we began full production of a new product, a commercial forage box. The prototype and subsequent production of this product took longer than expected, and delayed the delivery of a portion of these orders until the third quarter of fiscal 2017. The gross margin of our agricultural products segment for the three-month period ended May 31, 2017 was 13.8% compared to 26.3% for the same period in 2016. The gross margin of our agricultural products segment for the six-month period ended May 31, 2017 was 19.7% compared to 28.8% for the same period in 2016. Our decreased gross margin was negatively impacted by our decreased sales volume which affords less variable margin to cover fixed costs such as property taxes, salaries, and depreciation. Another significant factor in the decreased margin is the inefficiencies in labor during the start-up of the production process for our commercial forage box.

 

Our second quarter sales at Scientific were $888,000 compared to $1,250,000 for the same period in 2016, a decrease of $362,000, or 29.0%. Our year to date sales at Scientific were $1,276,000 compared to $2,193,000 for the same period in 2016, a decrease of $917,000, or 41.8%. Our decrease in revenue is largely due to decreases in our sales of our agricultural buildings, which have been negatively impacted by the current depressed livestock markets. Gross margin for the three and six-month periods ended May 31, 2017 was 20.5% and 16.7% compared to 34.3% and 28.4% for the same respective periods in 2016. We have been experiencing some overruns on our current projects that are negatively affecting our gross margins.

 

 
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Metals had sales of $639,000 and $1,304,000 during the three and six-months ended May 31, 2017 compared to $481,000 and $1,053,000 for the same respective periods in 2016, a 32.8% and 23.8% increase, respectively. The increase is due to the slight improvement in the energy industry and the additional efforts of our increased sales staff. Gross margin was 30.2% and 32.8% for the three and six-month periods ended May 31, 2017 compared to 24.1% and 24.2% for the same respective periods of fiscal 2016. Our increased gross margin was largely due to higher revenues with more variable margin to absorb fixed costs, but was slightly offset by increases in our health insurance expenses.

 

Expenses 

 

Our second fiscal quarter consolidated selling expenses were $483,000 compared to $432,000 for the same period in 2016. Our year-to-date selling expenses were $968,000 in fiscal 2017 compared to $897,000 for the same period in fiscal 2016. The increase in selling expenses is due to increased salary expense compared to the prior year period as we have increased our sales force in the tools and agricultural products segments, which management believes will have a positive impact as this year progresses. Selling expenses as a percentage of sales were 10.3% and 10.6% for the three and six-month periods ended May 31, 2017 compared to 8.2% and 8.1% for the same respective periods in 2016.

 

Consolidated engineering expenses were $132,000 and $265,000 for the three and six-month periods ended May 31, 2017 compared to $92,000 and $191,000 from the same respective periods in 2016. The increases in engineering expenses are a result of management’s decision to offer new products into the market, which have been well-received at recent trade shows. Engineering expenses as a percentage of sales were 2.8% and 2.9% for the three and six-month periods ended May 31, 2017 compared to 1.7% for both the three and six-months periods in 2016.

 

Consolidated administrative expenses for the three and six-month periods ended May 31, 2017 were $917,000 and $1,766,000 compared to $897,000 and $1,739,000 for the same respective periods in 2016. These increases are largely due to the vesting of stock based compensation issued in fiscal 2016 and 2017. Administrative expenses as a percentage of sales were 19.6% and 19.4% for the three and six-month periods ended May 31, 2017 compared to 16.9% and 15.8% for the same periods in 2016.

 

Income from Continuing Operations

 

Consolidated net (loss) from continuing operations was $(509,000) for the three-months and $(763,000) for the six-months period ended May 31, 2017 compared to net income of $17,000 and $150,000 for the same respective periods in 2016. The decreased income from continuing operations was largely due to the decreased revenues for the first half of 2017.

 

Order Backlog

 

The consolidated order backlog net of discounts for continuing operations as of July 10, 2017 was $3,874,000 compared to $3,089,000 as of July 10, 2016. The agricultural products segment order backlog was $3,229,000 as of July 10, 2017 compared to $2,502,000 in fiscal 2016. The backlog for the modular buildings segment was $494,000 as of July 10, 2017, compared to $528,000 in fiscal 2016. The backlog for the tools segment was $151,000 as of July 10, 2017, compared to $59,000 in fiscal 2016. Our order backlog is not necessarily indicative of future revenue to be generated from such orders due to the possibility of order cancellations and dealer discount arrangements we may enter into from time to time.

 

 
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Results of Operations – Discontinued Operations

 

During our third quarter of fiscal 2016, we made the decision to exit the pressure vessels industry and are currently working to liquidate the assets. We did not have any sales during the three and six months ended May 31, 2017 compared to sales of $443,000 and $1,122,000 for the same respective periods in 2016. At this time, we are working to dispose of the remaining assets, primarily the real estate. During the first six months of fiscal 2017, our holding costs for this property were somewhat offset by sales of scrap material generated in our clean-up process, resulting in a loss before tax on discontinued operations of $23,000.

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Our primary sources of funds for the three and six months ended May 31, 2017 were funds received for customer deposits and borrowings on our line of credit. Our primary uses of cash were costs of operation, purchases of inventory related to our new product offerings, purchases of equipment related to our manufacturing of new products, and payments on our term debt. We expect our primary capital needs for the remainder of the fiscal year to relate to costs of operation, including production.

 

We have a revolving line of credit with U.S. Bank with an availability of $4,500,000, and which, as of May 31, 2017, had an outstanding principal balance of $3,734,114. The line of credit is scheduled to mature on September 25, 2017, and is renewable annually. In addition, all of our five outstanding term loans with U.S. Bank are scheduled to mature in September of 2017. For additional information about our financing activities, please refer to Note 10 to the audited consolidated financial statements and to the discussion entitled “Liquidity and Capital Resources,” each contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended November 30, 2016, as well as Note 8 to the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this Report.

 

We do not believe that our cash flows from operations and current financing arrangements will provide sufficient cash to finance operations and pay debt when due during the next twelve months. At this time, we are working to procure financing on more favorable schedules; however, there is no assurance we will be able to do so. We are also working to liquidate one of our real estate holdings to provide additional working capital and to pay down some debt. We expect to continue to rely on cash from financing activities to supplement our cash flows from operations in order to meet our liquidity and capital expenditure needs in the near future.

 

Off Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

None.

 

Item 3.   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

 

As a smaller reporting company, we are not required to provide disclosure pursuant to this item.

 

Item 4.   Controls and Procedures.

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

The persons serving as our principal executive officer and principal financial officer have evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(e) and Rule 15d-15(e), as of the end of the period subject to this Report. Based on this evaluation, the persons serving as our principal executive officer and principal financial officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective and provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed by us in the periodic and current reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the periods specified by the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There were no changes in our internal controls over financial reporting that occurred during the period covered by this report that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal controls over financial reporting.

 

 
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PART II – OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1.    Legal Proceedings.

 

We are currently not a party to any material pending legal proceedings.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

 

As a smaller reporting company, we are not required to provide disclosure pursuant to this item.

 

Item 2.   Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

 

None.

 

Item 3.   Defaults Upon Senior Securities.

 

None.

 

Item 4.   Mine Safety Disclosures.

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 5.   Other Information.

 

None.

 

Item 6. Exhibits.

 

See “Exhibit Index” on page 24 of this report.

 

 
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SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

  ART’S-WAY MANUFACTURING CO., INC.
   


Date: July 14, 2017

 

 

By: /s/ Carrie L. Gunnerson      

   

        Carrie L. Gunnerson

 

 

President and Chief Executive Officer

     

Date: July 14, 2017

 

By: /s/ Amber J. Murra 

   

Amber J. Murra

   

Chief Financial Officer

 

 
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Art’s-Way Manufacturing Co., Inc.

Exhibit Index

Form 10-Q for the Quarterly Period Ended May 31, 2017

 

 

 

Exhibit

No.

Description

31.1

Certificate of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 17 CFR 13a-14(a) – filed herewith.

31.2

Certificate of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 17 CFR 13a-14(a) – filed herewith.

32.1

Certificate of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 - filed herewith.

32.2

Certificate of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 - filed herewith.

101

The following materials from this report, formatted in XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting Language) are filed herewith: (i) condensed consolidated balance sheets, (ii) condensed consolidated statement of operations, (iii) condensed consolidated statements of cash flows, and (iv) the notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements.

   

 

 

24